A Portrait of Hate

The Neo-Nazi Movement

We are writing this paper in response to the upsurge in Neo-Nazi activity in our community. While this is a very sensitive subject, we feel it is one that needs to be addressed. As members of the youth culture, we have seen many of our peers fall prey to the lure of Neo-Nazism. Hate is a sad but undeniable force amongst young people today. By realizing and responding to these facts, we hope to raise awareness about this problem.

By writing this paper, we in no way wish to affiliate ourselves with any Nazi organizations or ideals. As a matter of fact, we are part of the anti-racist movement. We do not promote the use of violence, censorship or hate towards racists, for that would be to stoop down to their level. Instead, we use the torch of peaceful protest, education and love to fight our battles. Hopefully others will follow our example.

Using the power of the written word we intend to open your eyes to the growing threat of Neo-Nazism. Only by actively fighting racism can we ever hope to end it. Together in unity we can have one world without hate. We must strive for that world.

Thank You,

The Authors

A Portrait Of Hate The Neo-Nazi Movement

I. A Letter Form the Authors II. Introduction: The Magnitude of Neo-Nazism III. Neo-Nazi Beliefs IV. Neo-Nazi Organizations V. Reasons for the Hate VI. Opposition Movements VII. Bibliography

Introduction

When the Allied Forces crushed the Third Reich, people thought they had stamped out Nazism for good. But this is not so. Anti-Semitic and racist feelings remain in our society. Neo-Nazism is an updated form of Hitlerís ideals of the supremacy of the Aryan race and extreme nationalism, often under the guise of fundamentalist Christianity. It also lurks in many other movements, such as the skinhead movement.

The skinhead movement originated with working stiffs in England. While early skinheads were not racist, in the seventies, white supremacist ideology ran rampant. The movement has been growing ever since, spreading to neighboring countries and even to the United States. In 1988, there were 1,000 to 1,500 admitted racist skinheads in the U.S. They were confined to just twelve states. Five years later, in 1993, their numbers grew to 3,300 to 3,500 in forty states. They are often perpetuators of hate crimes in their surrounding areas. In 1989, 8% of all the Anti-Semitic attacks in the United States (which totaled 1,432) were caused by skinheads. In Germany, 4,000 to 5,000 young skinheads were in prison for committing major offenses in the mid-nineties (Korem 142-143).

As we can see, the magnitude of this problem is overwhelming. Neo-Nazi influence is spreading like a virus, and shows no sign of stopping.

Neo-Nazi Beliefs

The term "Neo-Nazism" is an umbrella encompassing many different beliefs. One that ties them together is the dream having an independent Aryan republic. Most Neo-Nazi organizations hold the following beliefs, in varying degrees: racism, Holocaust denial, nationalism, and conservative values.

Racism and Anti-Semitism are linking factors in Neo-Nazism. They often attempt to underplay their racist sentiments with slogans like "White Pride" and "White Power." What they neglect to mention is that, to them, loving their own race means hating all others. They strive for racial purity, even advocating the use of eugenics, the practice of selecting "higher quality" parents to breed children, and therefore better their race. Some go so far as to suggest castration for all adults that are not selected for breeding. They wish to be "free of the polluting influence of distorted and primitive Judaic and Negroid cultures" (NSWPP). Anti-Semitic feelings are major part of Neo-Nazi beliefs. They use the Bible to back this up, saying that the Jews were the ones that crucified Christ, and were the offspring of Cain. Many organizations believe that Jews are "children of the devil," and not a race of human beings (Ezekiel 18-20).

Holocaust denial, or as they put it "revisionism", is a common Neo-Nazi belief. They pore over aerial photographs of Nazi death camps in attempts to prove eyewitnesses wrong. One person claimed that the gas chambers didnít exist because aerial photos do not show certain vents that eyewitnesses refer to (Ball). They allege that the Holocaust was faked by the Jewish in order to gain pity and be seen as martyrs. Steven Spielbergís movie Schindlerís List is a sore point for them. Whole web pages are devoted to nit-picking the minute details of the movie in order to find small discrepancies between the movie and their "evidence" that the holocaust didnít happen. Revisionists hope to one day have their new history taught in public schools (Hoffman).

Another prevailing belief is overwhelming nationalism. They want to have the strongest military force in the world to be able to withstand the kind of opposition that crushed the Third Reich. In their independent Aryan state, citizenship would be gained upon entrance into the military. All men ages eighteen through fifty would be required to serve in the military. They also tend to be very patriotic. Much emphasis is put on the first amendment rights. The right to bear arms is considered to be a basic tenet of humanity. Like their fellow survivalists, the Neo-Nazis tend to get enrolled in state militias in order to "protect their freedom" (NSWPP).

Neo Nazis hold many extremist conservative values. In their ideal world, every family would be traditionally two-parent, with the "gainfully employed husband and father as the head of the family and the homemaking mother as its heart" (NSWPP).Abortion would be encouraged for non-whites (Klassen). But for white women, abortions would not be performed unless the unborn child was medically proven to be mentally retarded or deformed. Their independent republic would suppress such sexual perversions as homosexuality, pornography, transvestitism, and feminism . The family farm would be the ideal social institution. Low interest loans would be given to new families so that they could purchase land and a home. There would be no taxes, and money would be gained by instating a tariff. Schools would teach racial values along with strict morals and a harsh physical regimen, all of which lead to military training (NSWPP).

Neo-Nazi Organizations

Neo-Nazism comes in two forms. One is the loosely knit racist skinhead youth subculture. They commit seemingly random acts of violence and have no true unity. The other form is far more exact and cunning. It manifests itself in many nations under many names. It is intended towards an adult audience. It is devoted to capturing popular politics. It is the phenomena of Neo-Nazi organizations. Some examples of these are The National Socialist White Peoplesí Party, The Libertarian National Socialist Green Party, The British National Front and the World Church of the Creator.

The National Socialist White Peopleís Party .is an American institution. Its members are typical Nazis in that they desire an Aryan Nation. To be a member you must be white. The ideal member is a single male. They shy away from those with spouses or children because they could be held hostage by the "enemy." They should be legally judgment proof, which means that they could not own any assets or property that could be seized. Mobility is also an important factor. A NSWPP activist must not stay in one place for fear of federal surveillance. The ideal is self sacrifice for the upward movement of the race. But most importantly, they must pay their membership fees (NSWPP).

The Libertarian National Socialist Green Party is a nazi oddity. Although their symbol is a green flag emblazed with a swastika, they do not profess overt racism. Instead they believe in choice. But they donít offer a choice of language. If they were to have their way, all government papers and notices would be in English only. Something called "voluntary segregation" is also promoted. Other then that their beliefs seem leftist. Universal medical care and free housing are promised to all citizens in the partyís platform. The environment is held in high respect and is to be protected. They eventually plan to take over the world (Hunter).

The British National Front is one of the driving forces in racism. It is based in London and is now on the forefront of racist politics. The BNP is trying to change the mood of their nation. They use patriotism as a lure. Once they began to gain acceptance as a patriotic institution they introduced racism. They appeal to the average person with their racist solutions to real life problems. Using flexible argumentative techniques they skew data in their favor. The BNP has a following in the United Kingdom. BNP members are regularly elected to local and even national positions (Stockdale).

The World Church of the Creator is less of a political and more of a religious institution. A "W" topped with a crown and a halo is their symbol. The "W" stands for white. The crown and halo represent the white races supposed natural rule over others and itís divine origin. Television slogan mentality invades their dogma. They preach a "whiter and brighter nation" and that white people are "natureís finest". To them the Golden Rule is not "Do onto others as you would like others do onto you." But " Promote the best interests of the White race.". New members must pledge racial loyalty. They must also

attest for their whiteness (Klassen). Once again the organization puts a strong emphasis on membership fees and dues.

Reasons for the Hate

There are many reasons why one might adopt racist views. Some people are simply taught it from birth. Others have deeper personal issues which cause their affiliation with Neo-Nazi and other such organizations. Many members of racist skinhead hate gangs come from low income families. They scapegoat Jews, blacks, and other non-whites as the cause of their problems. They often stem from broken or hate-filled homes, and are desperately searching for a form of identity. In one youth gang, every member had experienced divorce, abuse, or a seriously dysfunctional parent. Many times, a close family member has died, which severely disturbed the youth. A lack of purpose in their lives calls for some central goal, a driving force in their seemingly meaningless existence. Some find this identity in skinhead gang. They can claim a purpose, the upward movement of the Aryan race, and use this goal to vent anger and hatred. They often use the gang as a surrogate family, replacing feelings of love and nurturing for those of acceptance and of a similar interest (Korem 149-156).

But Neo -Nazism is not confined to lost young souls. Itís charismatic leaders often saw Hitlerís regime rise to power. They long for those days of the past. They bitterly recall Hitlerís defeat. To them, Hitlerís dream is very much alive today. Older Neo-Nazis watch old news reels of Hitlerís speeches. They wear old Nazi uniforms or homemade approximations. Some even grow Hitler-esque mustaches. They indoctrinate their children and grandchildren into their beliefs. One young Neo-Nazi spoke of his grandfather urging him to read Mein Kampf as a child (Korem 260). Though people become Nazis for many different reasons, they are all based on a feeling of need. Need for power, need for acceptance, and need for identification are a all part of this.

Opposition Movements

Just as Neo-Nazis flourish so do anti-Nazis. Opposition comes in varying packages. Some are loose communities of individuals brought together by unifying themes, especially music such as ska and straight-edge punk. Others are youth-oriented gangs, like S.H.A.R.P. Finally, there are well-organized groups that operate nation-wide, an example being A.R.A, Anti-Racist Action .

Music is a unifying force amongst many anti-Nazis. Ska began as a form of Jamaican pop which was, ironically, listened to by early skinheads. It deals largely with racial harmony and unity. One major ska label, Two Tone, is so named to reflect the racial integration of their bands. The black and white checkered pattern common to ska music also represents this theme. One especially anti-racist band, The Specials, has a song called "Racist Friend," promoting disaffiliation with all racists, "be it your sister, be it your

brother, be it your cousin or your uncle or your lover." Another of their songs, entitled "Why?" ponders the rationality of Neo-Nazi violence (The Specials). The ska-punk hybrid, Rancid, sings "Heís a different color, but weíre the same kid. I treat him like my brother, he treats my his," in their song "Alleyways and Avenues". Straight-edge is a movement which opposes drug and alcohol use, along with racism and war. Seven Seconds, a straight-edge punk group, has many overtly anti-racist songs. One of their early songs is simply titled "Racism Sucks." Shirts displaying the idealistic views of these anti-racist music listeners can be observed anywhere. One popular shirt shows a fist crushing a swastika with the words "Sick of all the Hate" emblazoned across the front. Another shows a swastika covered by a red null sign stating "Fuck Off Nazi Punks." In fact, the logo of Seven Seconds is the face of a skinhead youth with a target on his forehead. To show their anti-violent viewpoints, the target is not the usual crosshair but instead a peace sign.

S.H.A.R.P. stands for Skin Heads Against Racial Prejudice. They are an offspring of the original skinhead movement that began in England. The term "S.H.A.R.P." is often adopted by non-gang members who are also against bigotry. They direct their hate towards racist skinhead groups. Unlike most other opposition movements, they have been known to use physical violence as a means of accomplishing their goals. Since they stemmed from the same roots, there is intense rivalry between S.H.A.R.P gangs and racist skinhead ones. S.H.A.R.P.s exist in small numbers and are not very well-organized, so they donít constitute a real threat to society (Korem 148).

The A.R.A., or Anti-Racist Action organization, is a well established group with chapters in both the United States and Canada. They promote peaceful protests and concerts to fight bigotry. They have sponsored a number of these, including the "Rock Against Racism" and "Punk Against Racism" shows. They are dedicated to fighting anti-Semitism, anti-gay ideals, and injustice wherever it exists. Membership is free, and anyone can join (ARA). With more organizations like this, we can hope to promote a more peaceful environment for the future.

Bibliography

"Anti-Racist Action". Online: 1998. Available: . (February 17, 1998).

Ball, John. "Air Photo Evidence". Online: October 4, 1996. Available: . (February 21, 1998).

Ezekial, Raphael S. The Racist Mind. Viking Penguin, 1995

Hoffman, Michael A. "Campaign for Radical Truth". Online: March 2, 1998. Available: .(March 7, 1998).

Hunter, Matt. "Libertarian National Socialist Green Party". Online: 1998. Available: . (February 21, 1998).

Klassen, Ben. "World Church of the Creator". Online: February 1998. Available: .(February 22, 1998).

Korem, Dan. Suburban Gangs. Richardson, Texas: International Focus Press, 1994

"National Socialist White Peopleís Party". Online: 1998. Available: . (February 28, 1998).

Seven Seconds. Alt.Music.Hardcore. San Diego, California: Cargo Music, Inc., 1995

Specials, The. The Singles Collection. Chrysalis Records, Inc., 1991

Stockdale, Craig. "Facism in our Midst". Online: 1996. Available: . (February 17, 1998).

"White Aryan Resistance". Online: December 1997. Available: . (February 21, 1998).



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